The most common remedy in glaucoma medications includes the use of eye drops in order to lower intraocular pressure and most of these glaucoma drugs work by reducing the aqueous humor that the eye produces or by causing the contraction of ciliary muscles which relieves the ductwork through which the fluid flows out of the eye.
At best, glaucoma eye drops are a nuisance and they are also very powerful and have a number of different side effects. k will mostly inhibit or stimulate certain functions of the eye, and in this article medications called cholinergic agents will be discussed.
Cholinergic glaucoma medications act by helping ocular fluid to flow more freely out of the eye, and pilocarpine and carbachol are two such glaucoma drugs which are of this category. Anti cholinesterase drugs can also be used by stimulating the nerve endings of the eye.
Pilocarpine is the most common and oldest glaucoma medication that is utilized, and its effects have been known since around the 1850s when I was brought to Paris from Brazil. The concentrations of this type of glaucoma drug can range up to 10%, with common doses of around 2%. Black individuals who have dark irises will have to take higher concentrations of these glaucoma eye drops in order to fully penetrate the eye.
As you are sleeping, this glaucoma drug works by absorbing itself into the eye and is usually a tolerable medication for most individuals and one set of drops a day is usually sufficient, as it is a slow acting glaucoma medication.
Glaucoma drug side effects can include nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, sweating, and slowing of the heart.
Moving on to carbachol, this is a much stronger glaucoma drug which was discovered about 70 years ago, and is usually recommended when Pilocarpine fails. This glaucoma medication has to penetrate fairly deeply into the cornea in order to act, and it stimulates the ciliary muscle, causing aqueous fluid to be more easily forced out of the eye.
Carbachol is also used less frequently for glaucoma treatment, as it has a number of side effects such as headaches and giving the eyes a bloodshot appearance. It is also not a suitable treatment option for narrow angle glaucoma and long-term effects of this glaucoma drug can cause all sorts of side effects such as vomiting, diarrhea, bradycardia, and an increase in stomach acidity.
The anti cholinosterase drugs were actually used as pesticides during World War Two, but they are also found to have an effect on the parasynthetic nervous system and are incredibly useful in providing lower ocular pressure during glaucoma treatment. Unfortunately, the side effects for these type of glaucoma drugs can be quite extreme, involving cysts on the iris and numerous cataracts.
Retinal detachment and allergic skin reactions can also occur, in addition to more traditional side effects such as vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, hypertension, and a whole host of other harmful potential drug interactions. Eating produce that contains pesticides can also have a harmful interaction with these types of glaucoma medications, so it is important to talk with a eye doctor before even considering such an extreme option.